Editorial Results (free)
1. Senate GOP Struggles With Deficit in Work on Budget, Taxes
- Wednesday, September 13, 2017
WASHINGTON (AP) – Senate Republicans are struggling with how many billions of dollars President Donald Trump's tax code overhaul will add to the deficit as they work on a GOP budget plan that's a prerequisite to any far-reaching change in the nation's tax system.
2. Stronger Penalties Alone Won’t Solve State’s Opioid Crisis
- Thursday, August 17, 2017
Rep. Bryan Terry deals with patients from every demographic caught up in the web of opiates.
Patients have an array of tolerance to opioids, as well, from those currently addicted to those who are recovering addicts. As a result, each patient requires an “individualized” anesthetic based on their background and the procedure or surgery they’re to have, says Terry, a Murfreesboro anesthesiologist.
3. The Week Ahead: April 3-9
- Monday, April 3, 2017
This week, Memphis marks the 49th anniversary of Dr. Martin Luther King’s assassination with events at the National Civil Rights Museum and elsewhere. The Week Ahead also holds a look into the science of Overton Park’s Old Forest, a chance to support cancer research with Relay for Life, and much more...
4. Let’s Play 12 (Big) Questions
- Friday, August 26, 2016
While we wait for the gods of the Big 12 to make their decision on expansion, 12 questions as a public service:
1. How many teams are actually in the Big 12?
What, are you an idiot? There are 10. Which makes perfect sense when you consider the Big Ten has 14 teams, and not long before that had 12, and right before that had 11. The tricky part is remembering that the PAC-12 has – wait for it – 12 schools. I blame college football, which is behind all of this, for our nation’s inferior math scores on standardized tests.
5. Doctors: 'Buyer Beware' as Cosmetic Surgery Grows
- Saturday, February 27, 2016
If you often look around and feel older than you used to, it might not be you. It might be that everyone else looks younger.
The face of Tennessee is changing – literally – and as an influx of new residents and a booming economy creates a larger affluent class with more disposable income, the business of cosmetic procedures is on the rise.
6. Whitehaven View Apartments Sell for $2.7 Million
- Tuesday, December 22, 2015
1594 E. Holmes Road
Memphis, TN 38116
Sale Amount: $2.7 million
Sale Date: Dec. 14, 2015
7. South Front Antiques Expands Via Web, Social Media
- Friday, September 25, 2015
South Front Antiques has been a landmark in Downtown Memphis for decades, but the second generation of the Nielsen family is launching the past into the future with an expanded web presence and social media platform to make their one-of-a-kind pieces available far and wide.
8. Preseason Analysis: Vols Will Defeat Oklahoma, Finish 8-4
- Saturday, August 8, 2015
Tennessee’s football team has something to prove as it concludes the first week of preseason practices and moves forward to the 2015 season.
The Vols must prove they belong in the national picture in Butch Jones’ third year as coach.
9. Scott Sharpe Named CAO Of District Attorney General’s Office
- Wednesday, August 5, 2015
Scott Sharpe recently was named chief administrative officer of the Shelby County District Attorney General’s office following the departure of longtime CAO Priscilla Campbell.
10. Dream Season
- Saturday, February 7, 2015
The Grizzlies had just defeated the rival Oklahoma City Thunder before a loud sellout crowd in The Grindhouse and Jerry “The King” Lawler had defended his Memphis championship wrestling belt, albeit with an assist from the Grizzlies’ crack game operations staff.
11. Bohannon to Chair Junior Achievement Board
- Wednesday, November 19, 2014
Morgan Bohannon has been named chairman of the board of director of Junior Achievement of Memphis & the Mid-South Inc. Bohannon, the regional market manager for iHeartMedia, became engaged with Junior Achievement when iHeartMedia sponsored the “Broadcast Center” at JA BizTown in 2012. He joined the board soon thereafter and has been involved ever since.
12. Bible Joins Shea Moskovitz & McGhee
- Wednesday, October 8, 2014
Kirkland Bible has joined family law firm Shea Moskovitz & McGhee as an associate. In her new position, Bible will represent clients in a variety of family law matters, including divorce, post-divorce and child custody matters.
13. Al Green Among Kennedy Center Honorees
- Friday, September 5, 2014
WASHINGTON (AP) – It's a rare honor for an artist to receive accolades from the president, let alone have him sing one of your tunes.
Now Al Green can claim both, knowing that President Barack Obama is a fan. Green is among five artists receiving this year's Kennedy Center Honors, the national awards for influencing American culture through the arts, the center announced Thursday.
14. Right on Cue
- Tuesday, March 18, 2014
The Orpheum Theatre Memphis frequently plays host to musicals, but an arrival next week will bring something the theater doesn’t get to put on its stage often – a Broadway play.
“War Horse,” a play that inspired a Steven Spielberg movie of the same name, will premiere at The Orpheum March 25. It’s the story about a character named Albert and his horse Joey, the latter of which has been tapped to fight for the English during World War I.
15. Espitia Joins Michael Hatcher as Chief Financial Officer
- Wednesday, January 22, 2014
Ed Espitia has joined Michael Hatcher & Associates Inc. as chief financial officer. Espitia comes to the Memphis-based landscape services firm after serving since 2010 as finance manager for Schulz Xtruded Products, a Germany-based pipe maker with operations in North Mississippi.
16. Nelson Takes New Role at Alliance for Nonprofit Excellence
- Wednesday, November 27, 2013
Amanda C. Nelson has joined the Alliance for Nonprofit Excellence as director of consulting, a newly created position. Nelson will oversee, coordinate and promote the alliance’s management consulting services, and manage its three-year capacity-building program, the Program for Nonprofit Excellence.
17. Shelby County Bankruptcies Rise 3.4 Percent in Third Quarter
- Friday, October 18, 2013
Bankruptcies in Shelby County were up by about 100, or 3.4 percent, in the third quarter of 2013 from the third quarter of 2012, with a continuing consistency among the top three ZIP codes.
A total of 3,280 filings – encompassing Chapter 7, 11 and 13 bankruptcies – were filed in the three-month period ended Sept. 30, according to The Daily News Online, www.memphisdailynews.com. That compares to 3,171 for the same quarter in 2012.
18. Dickerson Learns Unintentional Consequences
- Thursday, April 25, 2013
As a freshman lawmaker, state Sen. Steven Dickerson, R-Nashville, said he spent his first legislative session “pretty-tightly circumscribed.”
19. Gowen Named Marketing Head at Renshaw Property Management
- Wednesday, January 30, 2013
Kellyn Gowen has joined Renshaw Property Management as marketing coordinator. In her new role, Gowen manages social media, marketing and communications for the company’s 800 Mid-South rental properties, serves as a liaison for property owners and real estate agents, and spearheads marketing efforts for vacant properties.
20. Interior Chief Salazar Stepping Down in March
- Thursday, January 17, 2013
WASHINGTON (AP) – Interior Secretary Ken Salazar, who oversaw a moratorium on offshore drilling after the BP oil spill and promoted alternative energy sources throughout the nation, will step down in March.
21. Sekisui, Circa to Relocate Spaces
- Thursday, January 10, 2013
Two East Memphis restaurants soon will have new addresses.
Sekisui is moving from its original location in the Shops of Humphreys Center, 50 Humphreys Blvd., into Circa by John Bragg’s space in Regalia Shopping Center at 6150 Poplar Ave., suite 122. Circa plans to relocate west to Chickasaw Crossing, 2855 Poplar, in the space where Ronnie Grisanti’s restaurant operated for years.
22. US Sales of New Homes Dip 0.3 Percent in October
- Thursday, November 29, 2012
WASHINGTON (AP) – U.S. sales of new homes fell slightly in October and September sales were slower than initially thought. The October sales pace was dragged lower by steep declines on the East Coast, partly related to Superstorm Sandy.
23. Survey: 34 Pct. Of Physicians to Leave Medical Practice
- Wednesday, August 8, 2012
A new nationwide survey of U.S. physicians shows that 34 percent say they will leave the practice of medicine in the next decade, just as millions of Americans newly insured under the Affordable Care Act will seek more access to medical care.
24. 'Complex Situation'
- Monday, June 18, 2012
With the U.S. health care system busting at its seams, industry experts are concerned about how already overwhelmed practitioners will provide care for the more than 30 million Americans expected to be added to the insurance rolls under health care reform – pending the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling on the Affordable Care Act, expected later this month.
25. Reform Won’t Mean Better Access For Minorities
- Wednesday, June 6, 2012
Although health care reform will likely have a favorable outcome regarding access to insurance coverage, that won’t necessarily translate to actual access to medical care, particularly for minorities.
26. Scott Joins Methodist South as Chief Medical Officer
- Wednesday, May 30, 2012
Dr. Howard Scott has been named chief medical officer at Methodist South Hospital. Before joining Methodist South, which is part of the Methodist Le Bonheur Healthcare system, Scott served as chief medical officer for West Kendall Baptist Hospital in Miami. He has also maintained an active private practice for 29 years.
27. Construction Loan Filed To Develop Lamar Crossing
- Tuesday, March 20, 2012
2881 Lamar Ave.
Memphis, TN 38114
Loan Amount: $5.4 million
Loan Date: March 1, 2012
28. Memphis Heart Clinic, Stern Cardiovascular Merge
- Friday, February 24, 2012
The 14 physicians of Memphis Heart Clinic have joined Stern Cardiovascular Foundation, one of the region’s largest cardiology group practices.
Stern just more than a year ago became part of Baptist Memorial Medical Group, a nonprofit medical group foundation affiliated with Baptist Memorial Health Care Corp., which includes more than 300 physicians representing 31 specialties in West Tennessee, Eastern Arkansas and North Mississippi.
29. Memphis Heart Clinic, Stern Cardiovascular Merge
- Thursday, February 23, 2012
The 14 physicians of Memphis Heart Clinic have joined Stern Cardiovascular Foundation, one of the region’s largest cardiology group practices.
Stern just over a year ago became part of Baptist Memorial Medical Group, a nonprofit medical group foundation affiliated with Baptist Memorial Health Care Corp., which includes more than 300 physicians representing 31 specialties in West Tennessee, Eastern Arkansas and North Mississippi.
30. Sales of New Homes Up in October, But Prices Fall
- Tuesday, November 29, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – Americans bought slightly more new homes in October, a hopeful sign for the troubled housing market. But the median sales price fell to its lowest level of the year, and the overall sales pace is trailing last year's – the worst in half a century.
31. US Sales of Previously Occupied Homes Fell in Sept.
- Friday, October 21, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – The number of Americans who bought previously occupied homes fell in September. Home sales are on pace to match last year's dismal figures – the worst in 13 years.
- Friday, September 23, 2011
The Gavel Club of Memphis will meet for a Dutch treat lunch at Friday, Sept. 23, at 11:30 a.m. at the Holiday Inn University of Memphis, 3700 Central Ave. Julie Pierotti, assistant curator at the Dixon Gallery and Gardens, will speak. For more information, call Bob Gray at 290-5721.
- Thursday, September 22, 2011
The Memphis chapter of the Society for Information Management will present its 24th edition of the Strategy Series for Executives, titled “Unleashing the Power of IT for Innovation and Growth,” Thursday, Sept. 22, from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. at the Westin Memphis Beale Street Hotel, 170 Lt. George W. Lee Ave. The event is free for qualified corporate executives. To register, visit www.hmgstrategy.com.
34. JLS Enterprises Buys SE Market Warehouse
- Friday, September 2, 2011
A 51,000-square-foot industrial building in the Southeast submarket has traded hands. JLS Enterprises LLC purchased 4021 Delp St. in Airport Industrial Park for $850,000. The warehouse currently houses Coca-Cola Enterprises Inc. and is 100 percent occupied.
35. Home Sales Fall to 2011 Low; Few 1st-Time Buyers
- Wednesday, June 22, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – Fewer people bought previously occupied homes in May, lowering sales to their weakest point of the year.
Home sales sank 3.8 percent last month to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.81 million homes, the National Association of Realtors said Tuesday. That's far below the roughly 6 million annual sales rate typical in healthy housing markets.
36. Investors Drove Home Sales Up 3.7 Pct. in March
- Thursday, April 21, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – Investors lifted U.S. home sales last month, plunking down cash to grab cheap homes at risk of foreclosure. But purchases made by first-time homebuyers fell, a troubling sign for the weak housing market.
37. New-Home Construction Increases 7.2 Pct. in March
- Wednesday, April 20, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – Builders broke ground on more new homes last month, giving the weak housing market a slight boost at the start of the spring buying season.
Home construction rose 7.2 percent in March from February to a seasonally adjusted 549,000 units, the Commerce Department said Tuesday. Building permits, an indicator of future construction, rose 11.2 percent after hitting a five-decade low in February.
38. Home Sales Fell 9.6 Pct. in February
- Tuesday, March 22, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) — Fewer Americans bought previously occupied homes in February and those who did purchased them at steep discounts. The weak sales and rise in foreclosures pushed home prices down to their lowest level in nearly 9 years.
39. WPG Americas Signs Lease in Southaven
- Friday, March 18, 2011
A San Jose, Calif.-based worldwide electronics distributor is entering the Memphis area with full force.
WPG Americas Inc. has signed a 54,000-square-foot lease at Airways Distribution Center, 481 Industrial Drive, in Southaven. The project – a relocation of the WPG America’s New York facility – represents a $1.5 million investment by the company and will create 60 jobs over the next three years.
40. Foreclosures, Cash Deals Lifted January Home Sales
- Thursday, February 24, 2011
WASHINGTON (AP) – More people bought previously occupied homes in January. But sales surged on a rising number of foreclosures and all-cash deals, and not first-time home-buyers.
The rising number of distressed sales forced home prices down to their lowest level in nearly nine years, a troubling sign for the struggling housing sector.
41. Baptist Forms Partnership With Stern Cardiovascular
- Wednesday, January 12, 2011
Consistent with a national trend of health care systems partnering with physicians groups – cardiology groups in particular – Baptist Memorial Medical Group has announced its partnership with Stern Cardiovascular Center, one of the region’s largest cardiology group practices.
42. Jobless Claims Rise, But Trend Shows Improvement
- Friday, December 3, 2010
WASHINGTON (AP) – More Americans applied for unemployment benefits last week, but the broader trend in layoffs points to a slowly healing job market. The average over the past month fell to a two-year low.
43. MPD Nears Goal With 13 New Officers
- Friday, November 12, 2010
Memphis Police Director Larry Godwin will get all 50 of his new police officers courtesy of federal stimulus funding still in the pipeline.
44. Cash Cow
- Thursday, September 30, 2010
Take a drive down the stretch of Summer Avenue between Mendenhall and White Station roads and it’s hard not to notice the abundance of one particular type of business.
There are eight title loan/check cashing businesses – Annie’s Cash Advance, Title Max, ACE Cash Express, Family Check Advance, Check Into Cash, Neighborhood Title Loans, Cash Depot and Mid-South Title Loans – located on a section of road that spans less than a half mile. Phone book and Internet searches show more than 300 of these businesses exist in the Memphis area.
45. Optometrist Offers Free Screening for Kids
- Friday, August 6, 2010
The Optical Boutique at 2109 West St. in Germantown will be offering free back back-to-school vision screenings for children ages12 and under throughout the month of August.
46. Reading Scores Hold Steady on Nationwide Test
- Thursday, March 25, 2010
Reading scores for fourth- and eighth-grade students held mostly steady last year, continuing a stubborn trend of minimal improvement across most racial, economic and geographic groups.
Scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress, a series of federally funded achievement tests, rose in two states and the District of Columbia in grade four and in nine states for grade eight in 2009. Overall, the fourth-grade average remained unchanged while eighth-graders rose one point.
47. Innova Courts Insurance Cos. For $20 Million
- Monday, November 9, 2009
Instead of taking it easy during the holidays, Innova officials will be calling on the corporate offices of insurance companies in a quest to raise $20 million by Jan. 1.
Insurance companies that invest with Innova Fund II LP – one of six venture funds selected Friday for a new state economic development initiative – will receive tax credits. The credits will allow insurance companies to offset a portion of their premium tax liabilities while they provide funding for fast-growth startup ventures.
48. Senators Call for Coal Ash Regulation
- Friday, January 9, 2009
WASHINGTON (AP) - Senate Democrats said Thursday they want stricter rules for toxic ash from coal-fired power plants following a massive spill in Tennessee that has threatened drinking water and caused health fears.
49. 14 Applicants File for Two Judicial Vacancies
- Tuesday, May 13, 2008
Two vacancies in the western divisions of two state appeals courts have drawn a lot of interest from attorneys and judges in West Tennessee.
A total of 14 applicants filed with the Tennessee Judicial Selection Commission for both vacancies by Friday’s deadline.
50. West Clinic Opens Second Facility in Asia
- Wednesday, October 24, 2007
In an effort to extend its reach into the Asian market, The West Clinic has opened a 7,000-square-foot facility in Shanghai, China.
The opening of The West Clinic International Shanghai is part of the organization's continuing mission to offer Western cancer treatment approaches to the Asian community, said Steve Coplon, CEO of The West Clinic.
51. Collaboration Between Hernando Officials and Developers Could Be First In Region, Nation
- Tuesday, January 16, 2007
HERNANDO - During the last decade, the 1,139 acres known as the Banks land just west of Hernando have been the focus of much debate.
The land, a mixture of rolling hills, open pasture and woodlands that begins near the historic square at Elm Street and Miss. 304 and continues north to Pine Tree Loop, begins the scenic highway that heads west.
52. West ClinicExpands to Asia
- Friday, October 13, 2006
The West Clinic recently opened a cancer center in Southeast Asia. The West Clinic Excellence Cancer Center is in Singapore, and will be headed by Dr. Steven J. Tucker.
Tucker formerly w
53. Called on the Carpet
- Friday, June 23, 2006
Class-action lawsuits filed in Memphis, Chicago, San Antonio and Albany, N.Y., this week allege hospitals shared current salary information to hold down nurses' wages.
And a lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in Memphis cited Baptist Memorial Health Care Corp. and Methodist Healthcare as defendants.
54. Money Also Grows on Trees Outside Law Firms
- Thursday, February 16, 2006
Attorneys don't have to work in law firms to make good money, according to a national survey by Chicago-based consulting firm Abbott, Langer and Associates Inc. And in most cases, Memphis attorneys who aren't in law firms are not far behind the national average for lawyers' salaries.
55. Rhodes Presents Discussion on Stem Cell Research
- Monday, November 28, 2005
Representatives of Concerns of Police Survivors, or COPS, will assist Shelby County Sheriff Mark H. Luttrell Jr. in lighting a holiday tree at 2 p.m. at the Sheriff's Office Substation at 11670 Memphis Arlington Road in Arlington. The effort, planned in conjunction with efforts by law enforcement agencies across West Tennessee, supports the "Holiday Blue Light" campaign sponsored by COPS. Call 573-1020.
56. Local Resident Named Land Realtor of America
- Wednesday, November 16, 2005
Keith Morris of 4M Land Co. in Somerville was honored with the 2005 Land Realtor of America award by the Realtors Land Institute. Morris, current president of the Tennesseen RLI chapter, is the first Tennessean to receive the award. He graduated from the University of Memphis.
57. Major Work Set to Start in Biomedical District
- Monday, October 24, 2005
It will be hard to miss the next milestone in Memphis' emerging bioscience industry.
For anyone who's up at 6:30 a.m. Nov. 6 and enjoying free refreshments at any of the public tents set up near Baptist Memorial Hospital on Union Avenue, the early morning hours will be rattled by a cascade of steel and debris.
58. Archived Article: Newsmakers
- Wednesday, June 1, 2005
St. Jude Researcher Named to Royal Society
Dr. Tom Curran, chair of the department of Developmental Neurobiology and the co-leader of the Neurobiology and Brain Tumor program at St. Jude Childrens Research Hospital, was elected to the Fello...
59. Archived Article: Newsmakers
- Wednesday, May 25, 2005
Judge Honored for Pioneering Role
Robilio Honored for Efforts Against Emotional Abuse
Shelby County Circuit Court Judge Kay Spalding Robilio was awarded a Jefferson Award from the American Institute for Public Service. Robilio was chosen for h...
60. Archived Article: Lead
- Thursday, May 12, 2005
By Andy Meek
City Seeks to Build New Forensic Center
Facility would increase research, educational capabilities
The Daily News
Like the portion of the old Baptist Memorial Hospital that was demolished this week, another hist...
61. Archived Article: Gov
- Friday, April 29, 2005
But theres another reason the area is serving as a kind of model for stakeholders in Memphiss Central Biomedical District: St
Stakeholders Focus on Medical Districts Image
The Daily News
Visitors to St. Louis medical district a...
62. Archived Article: Lead
- Friday, February 25, 2005
Bioworks Construction underway
Bioworks Development Propels Forward
Work force initiatives under way as demolition progresses
The Daily News
When demolition began last month at the former Baptist Memorial Hospital site in ...
63. Archived Article: Bioscience (lead)
- Friday, September 10, 2004
SWIFT V Bus Tour Highlights Opportunities for Small Business Owners
Biotech Leaders Explore Funding Options
Grant programs offer small businesses funds for research
The Daily News
Memphis has gained much of its national r...
64. Archived Article: Real Recap
- Tuesday, March 23, 2004
Investors Refinance Germantown Shopping Center
Fresh Market Center
at Poplar and Johnson
Cost: $4.1 million
Borrower: MC Germantown LLC, Eakes Properties-Germantown LLC, Olesiewicz Family Investments LLC, Schneider Fresh Market LLC,...
65. Archived Article: Biotech 1 (lead)
- Friday, February 27, 2004
Memphis Vies for Piece of Biotech Pie
Research park, educational initiatives to help city compete
The Daily News
The vision: Put Memphis on the world map as a recognized biotechnology zone. Right up there wit...
66. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, October 23, 2002
Marie Burgess, Marissa Mulhern, Elaine Wunderlich and Vince Mashburn joined Askew Hargraves Harcourt & Associates Inc
Seven attorneys from Burch, Porter & Johnson were included in the 2003-2004 edition of The Best Lawyers in America. C. T...
67. Archived Article: Market Briefs
- Monday, February 19, 2001
The Memphis Convention & Visitors Bureau received a gold award from Hospitality Sales and Marketing Association International The Memphis Convention & Visitors Bureau received a gold award from Hospitality Sales and Marketing Association Int...
68. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, December 27, 2000
Steven L Steven L. Oseman Jr. joined the family-owned Oseman Insurance Agency as administrative manager. He had worked as a financial analyst with Meridian Resource Corp. He has a bachelors degree from Millsaps College and is in a masters program at...
69. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, August 9, 2000
Dexter Muller, director of the Memphis/Shelby County division of planning and development since 1989, has joined the Memphis A Dexter Muller, director of the Memphis/Shelby County division of planning and development since 1989, has joined the Memph...
70. Archived Article: Memphis Memos
- Wednesday, February 2, 2000
Memphis Memos Memphis Memos Robert S. Kopriva has been named vice president of Sara Lee Corp. Kopriva, 48, was recently appointed president-supply chain for Sara Lee's U.S. Foods Group. He most recently served as president and chief executive office...
71. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, July 29, 1998
Taylor French has been named general manager of French & Co Taylor French has been named general manager of French & Co., Realtors and The French Connection. He is a graduate of the University of the South. Dan Estes has been promoted to vic...
72. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, April 22, 1998
Baker, Donelson, Bearman & Caldwell has announced two attorneys have joined the firm Baker, Donelson, Bearman & Caldwell has announced two attorneys have joined the firm. Frank L. Watson Jr. has joined the firm as a shareholder and will conc...
73. Archived Article: Benchmark
- Thursday, July 3, 1997
Environmental Control Division of Tennessee Inc Environmental Control Division of Tennessee Inc. vs. Steven A. Davies and Mid-South Environmental Inc. A local environmental company is suing a former employee and his company in Chancery Court. Accord...
74. Archived Article: Memos
- Wednesday, December 27, 1995
12/27 Memos Linden Wright recently was named the 1995 recipient of the YMCAs Red Triangle Award, given to the individual who renders unselfish work and devotion to accomplish YMCA goals. Wright has worked with the YMCA since 1932 and served as finan...
75. Archived Article: Legal Focus
- Thursday, December 14, 1995
12/13 jts legal focus Memphis below national, state median in corporate attorney income Managers and supervisors ahead of national median By JAMES SNYDER The Daily News Total pay for Memphis corporate attorneys ranks below the national median but ab...