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VOL. 127 | NO. 96 | Wednesday, May 16, 2012

US Companies are Adding More Slowly to Stockpiles

MARTIN CRUTSINGER | AP Economics Writer

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WASHINGTON (AP) – U.S. companies restocked more slowly in March, a trend that has helped slow economic growth this year.

Companies' inventories rose 0.3 percent in March, the Commerce Department said Tuesday. It was the smallest increase since November.

Business sales rose 0.6 percent in March.

The pace of restocking has diminished this year from the end of last year, contributing less to economic growth in the January-March quarter.

When businesses increase their pace of restocking, they order more goods. That typically supports higher factory production and faster economic growth. On the other hand, when companies cut back on stockpiling, growth tends to decline.

Inventories are expected to keep growing this year. But the gains aren't expected to return to their levels at the end of last year. That's because businesses had cut back on restocking last summer out of fear that the economy might fall into another recession. Once it became clear that it wouldn't, many companies rebuilt their stockpiles to keep up with consumer demand.

Sales rose strongly in February and March. In part, that reflected a mild winter that might have accelerated some sales at the expense of later months. A separate report Tuesday showed that retail sales barely rose in April.

Economists say the pace of inventory rebuilding is consistent with moderate growth. But consumers must keep spending for businesses to continue restocking at a healthy pace.

In the first three months of this year, the economy grew at an annual rate of 2.2 percent. That's down from the 3 percent growth rate in the October-December quarter but better than the 1.7 percent growth for all of 2011. And it was driven by the fastest growth in consumer spending since late 2010.

Consumers spent more partly in response to hiring. The economy has added more than 1 million jobs over the past five months. More jobs mean more consumers with money to spend.

Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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RECORD TOTALS DAY WEEK YEAR
PROPERTY SALES 74 312 10,190
MORTGAGES 103 400 13,275
FORECLOSURE NOTICES 16 76 2,614
BUILDING PERMITS 221 783 24,307
BANKRUPTCIES 72 299 9,832
BUSINESS LICENSES 39 110 3,713
UTILITY CONNECTIONS 129 519 14,482
MARRIAGE LICENSES 13 81 3,144

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